Join TerpVision host Bonnie Bernstein for UMD stories of impact and inspiration on campus, in College Park and around the world. There's always something good to watch on TerpVision.
Computers are such an essential part of our daily lives, and so it's natural to worry about our accounts being hacked. But imagine the national security threat if government files fell into the wrong hands. That's exactly why cyber security is an exploding industry and with its proximity to DC and key federal agencies, the University of Maryland is at the forefront of this field. Taking part in a national competition to train the next generation of cyber warriors.
The University of Maryland is the flagship campus of the Old Line State and a research powerhouse, but the farm remains a very active, vital part of campus. It's a hands-on laboratory for the students in the Animal Science department, and recently, the farm welcomed two new family members with thoroughbred potential.
The University of Maryland prides itself on being a place that encourages risk-taking and innovation, so when the opportunity arose to tackle one of the great engineering challenges of our time, out students and faculty rose to the occasion.
Fifteen years ago, a new campus tradition was born. Now Maryland Day has grown into one of the biggest events of the state, with more than four hundred activities, demonstrations, performances, and athletic events. This year's edition certainly didn't disappoint and in case you missed it, here's the 2013 highlight reel.
The roots of modern orchestra date back to the 17th century. The word "Orchestra," in fact, is derived from the Latin term that designates the place in front of a stage where the chorus is positioned. Typically, though, not a whole lot of movement to these performances. That's something that faculty member at Maryland is trying to change by spicing it up a little bit!
Jessica Stark Rivinius 301-405-6632
COLLEGE PARK, Md. – The University of Maryland's National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) played a key role in this year's “Country Reports on Terrorism,” issued by the U.S. Department of State. Released this week, the congressionally mandated report included an Annex of Statistical Information prepared by START.
The Annex of Statistical Information is a guide to worldwide terrorist activity as reported by unclassified sources, such as the news media. In the statistical annex, START also describes the 2012 patterns of worldwide terrorist activity with respect to changes during the year, geographic concentration, casualties, perpetrator organizations, tactics, weapons, and targets.
The 2012 report marks the first year the statistical annex was prepared by START. In preparation for compiling the statistical annex, START’s Global Terrorism Database (GTD) team developed new tools to improve the efficiency and thoroughness of its data collection process and evolve its data collection methodology to improve the reliability, efficiency and thoroughness of the process.
Some highlights from the report include:
- The statistical annex documents a total of 6,771 terrorist attacks that occurred worldwide and resulted in more than 11,000 deaths and more than 21,600 injuries.
- More than 1,280 people were kidnapped or taken hostage.
- On average, there were 1.64 fatalities and 3.20 injuries per attack, including perpetrator casualties.
- More than half of all attacks (55%), fatalities (62%), and injuries (65%) occurred in just three countries: Pakistan, Iraq, and Afghanistan.
- The highest number of fatalities occurred in Afghanistan (2,632); however the country with the most injuries due to terrorist attacks was Iraq (6,641).
The Country Reports on Terrorism and statistical annex are available through the State Department at http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2012/210017.htm.
Lee Tune 301-405-4679
COLLEGE PARK, Md. - C.D. "Dan" Mote Jr., past president and Regents Professor of the University of Maryland, has been elected as the next president of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). His six year term will start July 1, 2013. Mote succeeds Charles M. Vest.
"It is inspiring to be selected from among the nation's most distinguished engineers to lead the National Academy of Engineering," said Mote. "It is an opportunity I never expected, but which I am looking forward to greatly. The National Academy has a vital national leadership responsibility because engineering is a key to our national competitiveness, security and quality of life."
The National Academy of Engineering is part of the National Academies, which also include the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council. These independent, nonprofit institutions advise the government and the public on issues related to science, engineering, and medicine. NAE members are the nation's premier engineers, elected by their peers for their distinguished achievements. Established in 1964, NAE operates under the congressional charter granted to the National Academy of Sciences in 1863. The NAE president is a full-time employee of the organization at its headquarters in Washington, D.C., and also serves as vice chair of the National Research Council, the principal research arm of the National Academies.
A National Leader in Education and Research
A leader who has long advocated for education and increased support of basic research, Mote served on a National Academies' committee in 2005 that produced the highly influential report, Rising Above the Gathering Storm. It proposed a series of steps to increase research funding, invest in K-12 science and math education and enhance opportunities for entrepreneurship. As chair and co-chair respectively, Mote also led National Academies' science and technology research and workforce reports by the committee on Global Science and Technology Strategies and Their Effect on the US National Security and the committee on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Workforce Needs for the US Department of Defense. He has testified before Congress and been featured in the news on issues ranging from education funding models to deemed export controls.
Mote served as University of Maryland president and Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering in UMD's A. James Clark School of Engineering from 1998 to 2010. Under his leadership, the university's research funding increased by more than 150 percent and the university greatly expanded partnerships with corporate and federal laboratories. Mote also negotiated establishment of the University of Maryland-China Research Park, connecting Maryland and Chinese companies for joint ventures. Stressing the importance of closing the achievement gap, Mote helped UMD achieve the fourth highest graduation rate for underrepresented minorities in 2007 among public research universities.
Internationally recognized for his research on the dynamics of gyroscopic systems, including high-speed translating and rotating systems, and the biomechanics of snow skiing, Mote has authored or co-authored more than 300 publications, holds patents in the United States, Norway, Finland and Sweden, and has mentored 58 Ph.D. students.
Mote was elected to the NAE in 1988 "for analysis of the mechanics of complex dynamic systems, providing results of great practical importance in vibrations and biomechanics," and is the current NAE treasurer and a member of the National Research Council's Governing Board Executive Committee. In addition, he co-chairs the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable and Committee on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Workforce Needs for the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Defense Industrial Base. His past Research Council service includes membership on the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy and chairmanship of the Committee on Global Science and Technology Strategies and Their Effect on U.S. National Security.
His many professional honors include receiving in 2005 the NAE Founders Award and in 2011 the highest honor in his field - the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal.
Mote received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, where he served on the faculty for 31 years and held positions as chair of the department of mechanical engineering, president of the UC Berkeley Foundation, and vice chancellor. He has received three honorary doctorates and the Berkeley Citation, an award from the university similar to an honorary doctorate.
Heather Dewar 301-405-9267
COLLEGE PARK, Md. - Guided by computer modeling developed by a University of Maryland visiting professor, the first unmanned aerial vehicle flight of its kind has successfully protected an adult rhinoceros and its calf in a South African rhino poaching hot spot.
In response to a deadly epidemic of rhino killings, which are being slaughtered for the ivory in the horns, Tom Snitch, Ph.D., of the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies (UMIACS) has organized an all-volunteer expedition to conduct experimental anti-poaching surveillance near South Africa's Krueger National Park. The team is currently testing portable unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), or drones, equipped with infrared cameras and guided by a computer program that predicts the movements of rhinos and poachers.
This combined technology is a new weapon in the war on wildlife poachers. UMIACS faculty members have used the same programming techniques to detect explosives caches used by insurgents in Iraq, and are working on other non-military applications of UAV flights, including wilderness rescue missions and surveillance of fast-moving crop diseases.
On May 26, the team conducted the first night flight of a UAV dubbed "Terrapin One" (pictured left held by Snitch) over the Olifant West section of the Balule Game Reserve near Krueger National Park. During the 70-minute anti-poaching mission, the team was able to locate a rhino and its calf in only a few minutes using their analytical model. Flying around the rhinos in a grid pattern looking for potential poachers, the UAV spotted a suspicious car stopping close by and the team was able to alert the authorities immediately.
"The flight paths which we created with our analytical model took us precisely to where the mathematics suggests that a rhino was most likely to be and we were able to easily spot the animals from 200 meters in the air. We were also able to close in on a suspect vehicle and begin a rapid response activity," says Snitch. "We believe this is the first time that a UAV has been flown at night, with an infrared camera, where rhinos were identified from the air and a possible - and it is only a possible - poaching event was successfully deterred."
A reporter for The Telegraph of London was on the scene. Read her account of Terrapin One's maiden flight and the ongoing shooting war that pits rhino poachers against conservationists, private game wardens and the South African government.
Read earlier coverage, based on Dr. Snitch's April 11 on-campus talk about the rhino poaching crisis and his plans for mission that is now underway.
A drone’s eye view of wild rhinos and elephants at night, as seen by an infrared camera aboard the Falcon UAV nicknamed “Terrapin One.” Footage courtesy of Falcon UAV:
Alana Carchedi 301-405-0235
COLLEGE PARK, Md. – A new program for treating the emotional health of mothers of children with ADHD has shown significant benefits for the children themselves, finds a new study by University of Maryland researchers. The program combines treatment for a mother's stress/depression with behavioral parenting skills training. The study's findings were recently published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
More than 50 percent of mothers with children who have ADHD have a lifetime history of major depression. When mothers are stressed or depressed, they often have difficulty being positive, patient, and consistent with their challenging children. In turn, less optimal parenting style may have adverse effects on their children, which can lead to conduct problems, depression and even suicide attempts.
The research, led by UMD associate professor of psychology Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, uses a new method of intervention for mothers of children with ADHD, which not only teaches mothers to manage their children's behavior but also teaches them to manage their own mood and stress by engaging in enjoyable activities, maintaining a positive attitude, and learning relaxation techniques.
"Psychologists and therapists often only focus on the child with ADHD—they often don't look at the parents," says Chronis-Tuscano. "By paying attention to the mental health needs of mothers, we have found that we can effectively improve outcomes for the child with ADHD."
The parenting interventions integrated a cognitive-behavioral course in coping with depression with behavioral parent training, which includes topics like praising positive child behaviors, creating house rules, ,maintaining structure and routines, and implementing consistent non-physical consequences for misbehavior. The group sessions were primarily instructive but also incorporated group discussion, modeling, role play and home exercises that involved practicing the parenting skills.
"By teaching moms to take care of themselves, they can be better parents to their children with ADHD," says Chronis-Tuscano.
- 2013-2014 MABEL S. SPENCER AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE IN GRADUATE ACHIEVEMENT
- 10th Annual Top-10 Summer Reading List for Business Leaders
- University of Maryland’s Smith School of Business Launches Online MBA Program
- Business Rx: Taking a business international
- Career Coach: My boss keeps canceling my vacations
- Merrill Graduate Student Awarded $2500 Endicott Scholarship